Save Water

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first_imgFortunately, Georgia is not currently under drought conditions. However, more and more people are “living green” and being conservative users of natural resources. It’s easy to conserve water by following these tips from University of Georgia Extension. Take a shower instead of a bath. Filling the bathtub uses about 50 gallons of water, and taking a shower uses about 20 gallons. Shorten your shower to five minutes and install a water-saving showerhead that uses 2.5 gallons per minute.Use a glass for rinsing when brushing your teeth or shaving instead of letting the faucet run. Using an electric razor also saves water. Install a low-flow toilet. Low-flow toilets need only 1.6 gallons per flush, saving thousands of gallons per year. Unlike earlier models, today’s low-flow toilets receive high marks from consumers for overall performance.Think before you flush. Every flush you eliminate saves between 2 and 7 gallons of water.Fix leaking faucets and toilets. An average of 8 percent of all household water used is wasted through leaks. Test for a leaking toilet by lifting the lid off the toilet tank and putting a few drops of food coloring into the bowl. Wait a few minutes, then look in the bowl. If the food coloring has made its way to the bowl, you have a leak.Reuse clean household water. Collect the water that is wasted while you wait for the hot water to reach the faucet or showerhead. Use this to water houseplants or outdoor planters. Wash only full loads of dishes and laundry. You’ll save both water and energy. Reduce dishwashing time by using rubber spatulas to scrape dishes clean to limit pre-rinsing. Soak dirty pans or dishes to quicken washing. (Most new dishwashers don’t require pre-rinsing.)Avoid using the garbage disposal. Instead, compost leftover fruits and vegetables.Refrigerate a pitcher of water instead of letting a faucet flow until the water runs cold. Prepare food efficiently. Clean foods with a vegetable brush, then spray with water in short bursts. Plan ahead to defrost foods overnight in the refrigerator. Don’t use running water to defrost food; instead, use the microwave or put wrapped food in a bowl of cold water. You can save water by turning off the lights and adjusting the air conditioner when you are not at home. Energy is produced using large volumes of water. Reducing energy demands can reduce the water needed to produce that energy.For more tips on how to save water indoors and outdoors, see UGA Extension publications online at extension.uga.edu/publications and search “save water.”last_img

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Classrooms to labs

first_imgBy Brad HaireUniversity of GeorgiaLynn Swain and Landon Alberson pore over detailed digital maps and data on computer screens. They’re learning software that will help them and their students study and monitor the water quantity and quality in their area.For most of the year, Alberson and Swain teach high school science in Tift County, Ga. But for a month this summer, they and 14 other middle and high school science teachers from 10 south Georgia counties became working scientists through the Georgia Internships For Teachers program.Classroom confines”Teachers can sometimes become isolated in their classrooms,” said Swain, who teaches environmental science courses. But the GIFT program, she said, breaks them out of the classroom confines and teams them with working scientists.The teachers conduct research at the University of Georgia’s Tifton, Ga., campus, and see firsthand the practical applications of things they teach their students.Teachers are charged to take the experience back to their students and show them that science is more than just lectures and textbooks.”The experience enriches our curriculum,” said Alberson, who teaches biology.Through his connection to the program last year, Alberson was able to show his students how science solves problems. He paired many of his students with science mentors on the Tifton campus.GIFT works”I’ve seen the GIFT program work for many years,” said Susan Reinhardt, an education program specialist with the UGA College of Agricultural and Environmental Sciences.”The teachers are excited about being involved with current scientific research, taking this information back to their students and linking textbook information with real-world applications,” she said.Making the gradeAccording to the National Assessment of Educational Progress, Georgia’s elementary and middle school students aren’t faring well in science. Only 23 percent of Georgia’s fourth-grade science students perform at a proficient level, 5 percent fewer than the national average. Just 23 percent of Georgia’s eighth-grade science students perform at a proficient level. That’s 7 percent below the U.S. average.The GIFT program was developed by Georgia Tech in 1991. Since then, more than 80 organizations and universities have provided this opportunity for about 1,000 teachers in 44 Georgia school systems.GIFT, for the most part, has been offered to teachers in and around metro Atlanta, Savannah and Augusta, Reinhardt said. But this is the second year it’s been offered in Tifton.It’s a paid experience for the teachers, she said. A grant provides funding, along with money from the participating school systems.”It’s a win situation for both groups,” Reinhardt said. “Scientists become aware of the needs and expectations of teachers. And teachers understand the importance of producing more students interested in science.”High school students, too, are learning real-world science on the Tifton campus as part of the Young Scholar Summer Internship Program. The six-week program pairs students with a serious interest in science and technology with working scientists. Students are exposed to many fields of scientific study, application and career opportunities.last_img

Picatinny Fields First Precision-Guided Mortars To Troops In Afghanistan

first_img In March, U.S. Soldiers in Afghanistan received 120mm GPS-guided mortar precision capability. The Program Executive Office for Ammunition fielded Accelerated Precision Mortar Initiative cartridges, or APMI, to one Infantry Brigade Combat Team, or IBCT, earlier this month, and is scheduled to field cartridges to the seven other IBCTs in Afghanistan within six months. “APMI is a 120mm GPS-guided mortar cartridge that provides the infantry commander precision-strike capability, which he has never had before,” said Peter Burke, PEO Ammunition’s deputy product manager, Guided Precision Munitions and Mortar Systems. Mortars are an indirect firing capability used to defeat enemy troops, materiel, bunkers and other infantry-type targets. “Typically mortars are fired in volleys against an area target because of their inherent inaccuracy, but with APMI, you have the potential to destroy a target with only one or two rounds,” Burke said. The APMI cartridge has a requirement of 10 meters CEP, or Circular Error Probable, but Burke said the program is exceeding this requirement. Ten meters CEP means that if you drew a circle around a target at 10 meters radius, the rounds have to fall inside the circle 50 percent of the time. Current CEP for 120 mm mortars at their maximum range is 136 meters. Mortars with the most advanced features, such as precision position and pointing systems, can achieve a 76 meter CEP, which still makes APMI seven times more accurate than any formerly fielded mortar. While APMI will not replace standard 120mm mortars, its accuracy will allow a commander the ability to defeat a target with precision if there is danger of collateral damage, Burke explained. Insurgents deliberately plan attacks in populated areas in the hope that opposing forces don’t want to retaliate and risk accidental harm to civilians or damage to non-military property. “Sometimes, if the risk of collateral damage is too high, you might not be able to fire (a standard 120mm) at all,” Burke said of enemy engagements. “In that case, instead of firing a mortar from a protected position, you would have to send troops in to engage with direct-fire weapons, exposing them to more risk.” But because of APMI’s GPS-technology, which provides an accurate, first-round fire-for-effect capability, troops will have opportunities to employ APMI’s precision where they previously would not, such as nearer to friendly forces or in urban areas. By Dialogo April 04, 2011last_img

Rate cut expected as FOMC meets

first_imgThe Federal Open Market Committee (FOMC) is expected to cut rates at the conclusion of its two-day policy-setting meeting, which begins today. NAFCU Chief Economist and Vice President of Research Curt Long anticipates another rate cut due to comments made by committee members at their annual retreat last month and in the last meeting minutes.At the end of its July meeting, the FOMC cut rates by 25 basis points. Since then, there have been conflicting economic data: the labor market remains strong, inflation has firmed, consumer spending hasn’t fallen significantly, and the economy is expanding at a modest pace; however, trade and tariff uncertainties and global economic weaknesses have created headwinds and unease.Long predicted another 25-point rate cut due to these concerns and the threat of a potential recession. NAFCU will update credit unions on the outcome of the meeting in Thursday’s edition of NAFCU Today. continue reading » ShareShareSharePrintMailGooglePinterestDiggRedditStumbleuponDeliciousBufferTumblrlast_img

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