London Date For Jamaican Sprint King Bolt

first_imgBy Dialogo April 20, 2009 Jamaican Olympic sprint hero Usain Bolt said he will join a star-studded field at this summer’s Aviva London Grand Prix. “I’m definitely looking forward to running in London at the Aviva London Grand Prix. London is a great meet and the fans there really get behind everyone. I normally base myself there during the summer so it is like a second home,” said Bolt, who bagged three sprint golds in world record times at the Beijing Games. “As usual there will be strong competition but I guess that’s what I’ll need ahead of the World Championships,” said Bolt, who in Beijing became the first man to claim the Olympic sprint treble, all in world record times, when he won the 100m, 200m and 4x100m relay. The 22-year-old will run the 100m at the two-day meeting in London on July 24 and 25 as top athletes seek to fine-tune their preparations ahead of the IAAF World Championships in Berlin three weeks later. “Last year at Crystal Palace, I felt great running the 200m. To win there in such style gave me a lot of pleasure,” Bolt explained. “That helped to build my confidence towards achieving the three gold medals in Beijing a few weeks later. “This year will be my fifth year in a row competing at Crystal Palace. On all four previous occasions I’ve run in the 200m so it will be good to go out there and see what I can do in the 100m. I’m sure I’ll be able to put a show on for the fans.”last_img read more

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NGO Calls ELN Guerrilla to End Kidnapping and Define Peace Agenda

first_imgBy Dialogo June 16, 2009 BOGOTA, June 14, 2009 (AFP) – An NGO that promotes peaceful ending of the Colombian conflict has asked ELN guerrilla to end kidnappings and to define an agenda to reintroduce the dialogue with the government, according to a letter revealed this Sunday. The message of ‘Colombianos por la Paz’ (Colombians for Peace) is the response to a letter sent by the National Liberation Army (ELN, Guevarist) –second guerrilla organization in the country- in May, accepting a letter exchange aimed at a reconciliation process. “We reiterate the call for them to expressly manifest their willingness to cease, unilaterally and immediately (the kidnapping) that practice which violates International Humanitarian Rights,” stated the NGO. The association, led by opponent senator Piedad Córdoba, added that “kidnapping should not be a subject of conversation in dialogue meetings and peace negotiations, but a decisive and unilateral commitment” on the part of the insurgents in “terms of stopping this practice of exerting economic and political pressure.” Likewise, she requested the rebels to formulate “the agenda they are willing to follow to return to negotiating a political solution.” Between 2005 and 2007, President Alvaro Uribe’s government and the ELN held several meetings in Cuba, aimed at starting a negotiation, but the dialoque was suspended when the parties failed to reach consensus regarding the terms of a “basic agreement.” On a communiqué issued in May, the guerrilla organization assured that the main “obstacle” to continue the dialogue is the government’s “claim” that the ELN can only be located in specific areas and has to identify all of its members, as conditions to move forwards in negotiations. “Colombianos por la Paz” consists of dozens of important figures that pursue a pacific solution to the conflict, and in February it achieved the liberation of four officers and two politicians, all hostages of the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (FARC, Marxist).last_img read more

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17 nations partner for PANAMAX 2010 Exercise

first_img The base was again the scene of a massive relief effort in Latin America this week as Airmen worked with sister services, non-governmental organizations, 17 partner nations and local governments to speed aid to a hurricane-ravaged island. The only difference between this operation and previous efforts is the island doesn’t exist and the natural disaster is playing out on computer screens at the 612th Combined Air Operations Center — the whole scenario is part of Exercise Panamax, a multi-national exercise led by U.S. Southern Command. Panamax is a yearly exercise focused on the defense of the Panama Canal, ensuring free trade and commercial traffic through the vital waterway. In addition, Air Forces Southern is also simulating a full-scale relief operation in the fictitious country of Centralia, an island near the canal suffering from a massive hurricane. Airmen from 17 partner nations including Argentina, Belize, Brazil, Canada, Chile, Colombia, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, Guatemala, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama, Paraguay, Peru and Uruguay are working together within the scenario. In addition, the United Nations World Food Program is working within the coalition command center to practice the integration of non-governmental organizations into the simulated relief operations. The international cooperation within the Panamax exercise is found at every level; in fact, a general officer from Chile is working as the deputy combined forces air component commander alongside Lt. Gen. Glenn Spears, the 12th Air Force (Air Forces Southern) commander. Maj. Gen. Cesar Mac-Namara expressed his thanks and admiration for the level of integration found among the Airmen working in Tucson. “We’re very grateful for the invitation and this exercise is an opportunity for Air Forces to work together, learn together and prepare for the future together….I’m honored to be a part of this event,” said the general. The chief air transport officer with the United Nations World Food Program, Alvaro Gonzalez Peña, is working at the fictitious Regional Air Movement Control Center with Panamax participants to coordinate the integration of non-governmental organizations, foreign nations and military aircraft into a synchronized plan to maximize aircraft throughput into Centralia. The native of Uruguay is no stranger to working with the AFSOUTH team; he was on the ground in Haiti after the January earthquake and is a veteran of dozens of relief operations. “This is a realistic simulation — it’s on time….while the experiences of Haiti are fresh in our minds we are able to have training that will improve the close contacts between the military and civilians,” explained Mr. Peña. “One of the most important things to come out of this event is that we will know the person on the other end of the phone for the next time.” Maj. John Sedlacek, the deputy chief of the 612th CAOC Air Mobility Division, echoed his newfound compatriot’s sentiments — he’s sure the men and women working within the Panamax scenario will likely be alongside his team again in the future. “We’ve learned a lot of lessons from our work in Haiti and Chile earlier this year,” said Major Sedlacek. “By practicing and building on these multi-national relief operations, we’re ready for the inevitable next natural disaster — we have to practice together to ensure we’re able to react quickly in the future….not as strangers, but as friends who shared common experiences and training.” By Dialogo August 30, 2010last_img read more

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Picatinny Fields First Precision-Guided Mortars To Troops In Afghanistan

first_img In March, U.S. Soldiers in Afghanistan received 120mm GPS-guided mortar precision capability. The Program Executive Office for Ammunition fielded Accelerated Precision Mortar Initiative cartridges, or APMI, to one Infantry Brigade Combat Team, or IBCT, earlier this month, and is scheduled to field cartridges to the seven other IBCTs in Afghanistan within six months. “APMI is a 120mm GPS-guided mortar cartridge that provides the infantry commander precision-strike capability, which he has never had before,” said Peter Burke, PEO Ammunition’s deputy product manager, Guided Precision Munitions and Mortar Systems. Mortars are an indirect firing capability used to defeat enemy troops, materiel, bunkers and other infantry-type targets. “Typically mortars are fired in volleys against an area target because of their inherent inaccuracy, but with APMI, you have the potential to destroy a target with only one or two rounds,” Burke said. The APMI cartridge has a requirement of 10 meters CEP, or Circular Error Probable, but Burke said the program is exceeding this requirement. Ten meters CEP means that if you drew a circle around a target at 10 meters radius, the rounds have to fall inside the circle 50 percent of the time. Current CEP for 120 mm mortars at their maximum range is 136 meters. Mortars with the most advanced features, such as precision position and pointing systems, can achieve a 76 meter CEP, which still makes APMI seven times more accurate than any formerly fielded mortar. While APMI will not replace standard 120mm mortars, its accuracy will allow a commander the ability to defeat a target with precision if there is danger of collateral damage, Burke explained. Insurgents deliberately plan attacks in populated areas in the hope that opposing forces don’t want to retaliate and risk accidental harm to civilians or damage to non-military property. “Sometimes, if the risk of collateral damage is too high, you might not be able to fire (a standard 120mm) at all,” Burke said of enemy engagements. “In that case, instead of firing a mortar from a protected position, you would have to send troops in to engage with direct-fire weapons, exposing them to more risk.” But because of APMI’s GPS-technology, which provides an accurate, first-round fire-for-effect capability, troops will have opportunities to employ APMI’s precision where they previously would not, such as nearer to friendly forces or in urban areas. By Dialogo April 04, 2011last_img read more

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Interview with the Head of the Brazilian Armed Forces Joint General Staff, Gen. José de Nardi

first_img Diálogo – How do you see the participation of the Brazilian Armed Forces in actions such as the retaking of some of the slums in Rio de Janeiro? General De Nardi – Participating in contingents like Minustah plays an important role in increasing troop training and the participation of the Armed Forces in peace operations, joining UN peace forces or those of regional multilateral organizations. Fulfilling international commitments is a valuable instrument of foreign policy, positively projecting Brazil’s image on the international scene. Aside from these aspects, it can also be considered a demonstration of dedication and responsibility in contributing to preserving world peace and security, reinforcing the principles of multilateralism and the peaceful resolution of disputes. I would also emphasize the important aspect of relationships and integration with armed forces of other countries. Regarding its role as a regional power, Brazil understands it to be much more important to participate, as another member, in the joint and regional efforts of all the South American countries. In this way, it is seeking to establish an eminently regional position in several aspects, among which is its relationship to the defense of the subcontinent. On September 6th, 2010, Brazilian Defense Minister Nelson Jobim appointed Gen. José Carlos de Nardi as the first Head of the Armed Forces Joint General Staff. The position was aligned with the new National Defense Strategy and was created after the Ministry of Defense’s reorganization. On the day of the appointment, Minister Jobim made a point of saying that the new position has nothing to do with the prior Head of the Armed Forces General Staff (EMFA – Estado Maior das Forças Armadas). The new position is hierarchically equivalent to the commanders of the Army, Navy, and Air Force, and General De Nardi is responsible for deploying the Armed Forces on joint exercises, for instance, while it is the commanders’ responsibility to train each of their respective forces. During his first visit to the U.S. Southern Command since he took on his new functions, in March, General De Nardi spoke with Diálogo. General De Nardi – In Brazil there is a constitutional charge to secure law and order, within predetermined parameters of time and space, without the Armed Forces taking on police functions, in other words, keeping their focus chiefly on homeland defense, the fundamental role of any armed force. In Brazil, police activity is limited to the country’s public-safety agencies. Along the border, the Armed Forces have police powers only in order to support actions that may perhaps have to be taken in fulfillment of their constitutional mission, and not in order to replace other public-safety actors operating in the same area. Diálogo – How can Brazil help other countries in the region in this regard? And in regard to partnership in the fight against drug trafficking? Diálogo – What is the situation of the countries where Brazil has a peace-keeping presence, like Haiti and now Lebanon? Diálogo – On what does the success of the Armed Forces’ support for the police depend? Diálogo – What is going to be the participation of the Brazilian Armed Forces in events such as the World Cup and the Olympic Games, in terms of VIP security, in the streets, stadiums, etc.? center_img General De Nardi – The Armed Forces’ participation in retaking slums in Rio de Janeiro is provided for in the Federal Constitution, in Article 142: To secure law and order. In keeping with recommendations, their use in activities of this kind should occur episodically and in a restricted and predetermined area. This is precisely the context in which federal troops are acting in underprivileged communities in Rio de Janeiro. Diálogo – Why is it important for Brazil to participate in contingents like Minustah? What is Brazil’s role as a regional and international power, and how do the Armed Forces contribute to this? General De Nardi – There is no idea of cooperation among the armed forces of South America on matters of a police nature. What does exist is the possibility for the armed forces to act along the border, in constitutional situations and without a view toward replacing other public-safety agencies. The approach to issues linked to drug trafficking is directly linked to the Ministry of Justice. Integration of the South American nations via an international cooperation plan that aggregates police technology and intensifies intelligence actions is the model that will be sought for the fight against drug trafficking and organized crime between Brazil and neighboring countries. General De Nardi – Initially, it is important to emphasize that Brazil only acts with forces keeping peace and not with forces imposing peace, in observance of the provisions of the Federal Constitution and always under the aegis of international organizations, such as the UN and the OAS. The situation in these countries, according to the UN, requires stronger support from the international community, which is being provided through the presence of peace forces, including with Brazilian participation. By Dialogo June 21, 2011 General De Nardi – The Brazilian Armed Forces will participate as an integral element of a greater context, in which various other actors will be equally involved. Their use for security activities will be strictly within the anticipated constitutional and legal limits, seeking to collaborate for the success of all the events mentioned. The experience already acquired through participation in large events like the 2007 Pan-American Games will serve as an important base for the activities carried out. The participation of the Armed Forces in both events, however, will still be a subject to be decided by the Brazilian government in future agreements on the matter.last_img read more

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Interview with the Chief of the Chilean Joint General Staff, General Hernán Mardones Ríos

first_img Top-ranking defense officials from several South American countries met in Santiago, Chile, for the Third Annual South American Defense Chiefs Conference (SOUTHDEC), in September. Cosponsored by the Chilean Armed Forces and the U.S. Southern Command, the 2011 edition of the conference focused on military support for humanitarian assistance and disaster response. Diálogo’s interview with the head of the Chilean Joint General Staff, Lieutenant General Hernán Mardones Ríos, follows. DIÁLOGO: General, who is responsible for organizing the receipt and distribution of all the humanitarian aid received by a country after a disaster? General Hernán Mardones Ríos: I believe that in a country like Chile, the political authorities are responsible for that at their respective levels. At the national level, without a doubt, the president is ultimately responsible for emergency or disaster situations or natural disasters, but the Minister of Interior serves as the executive officer. At the municipal level, there are the mayors, who are not representatives of the president; they’re elected by the citizens, and as a consequence, they’re the most direct point of contact between citizens and the state’s administrative system. So the entire ladder of political authorities – including the President, Minister of Interior, intendants, and governors – are responsible for making the decisions in Chile. DIÁLOGO: But what happens with the Armed Forces? *General Mardones:*The Armed Forces are permanent institutions of the Republic. They exist for the defense of the fatherland and the preservation of its territorial integrity; consequently, their mission is a mission of preparedness in the face of an international crisis or an armed conflict. Nevertheless, the idea of using the Armed Forces in disaster situations is an idea based on capabilities; it’s not an idea about using military force in order to be able to act in the event of a disaster. The idea is to make use of and select from a menu of capabilities that the Armed Forces have in Chile in order to transfer that, to take what is needed in light of the characteristics of the situation underway in a specific place. Chile is a country that gets hit with everything in terms of natural disasters. As a consequence, it’s a country that has to be prepared for emergencies, disaster situations and natural disasters. In extreme situations, the Government declares a State of Constitutional Emergency that allows the use of the Armed Forces. It’s on the basis of that state of emergency that the Armed Forces react, coordinated by the Joint General Staff. DIÁLOGO: Did the 2010 earthquake change forever the way that the people see their Armed Forces? General Mardones: Yes. It was an action that took place without filing a single piece of paper, without firing a single shot, and without a single death, and I believe that this ability of the Chilean Armed Forces to be able to deploy in that way is an ability for which we should also thank the participation of our forces in peace operations – the seven years that we’ve been in Haiti, in Cyprus, in Bosnia-Herzegovina, in Kosovo, in the Middle East – because those peace operations allow our professional enlisted personnel and officers to face situations of this kind. They’re training fields for our troops in that sense. Our soldiers go to these operations and begin to change the way in which they face that situation, which is no longer one of purely military training, but rather a way of relating to people who have been affected, people who are part of a disaster in which, besides military authority, it’s also necessary to be understanding, empathetic, have humanity, be caring and giving of humanitarian aid. DIÁLOGO: General, there was a discussion at the conference of the possible creation of an organization, in a specific country, that would be responsible for the joint deployment of humanitarian aid by the nations of the region. Due to all this experience, due to the professionalism of the Chilean Armed Forces, do you see Chile as a natural leader to head that organization, in the event that it is created? General Mardones: I believe that what we’re thinking about is of making our efforts and information converge in a system that can enable us to collaborate in the best way possible with the country affected, because reactions to an emergency or disaster situation or to natural disasters are different in each country, depending on its particular characteristics, depending on its laws, depending on its political leaders, and depending on the possibilities of support that they have and the relationship that they have with different countries around the world. As a consequence, you can’t restrict this action to a common procedure that’s applied indiscriminately in any country, because it’s structured here under the terms of the Inter-American Defense Board, UNASUR [Union of South American Nations], or any other organization that might be leading it. The intention is to offer the best information conditions at that exact moment, so that, as we explained at the meeting, we don’t get a truck full of tomato sauce and never get any spaghetti. DIÁLOGO: And how do you see the U.S. participation in all this? General Mardones: I believe that the United States, and the relationship that we [Chile] have with the U.S. Southern Command, is very strong; there’s no doubt that they have always been quick to collaborate at the most difficult moments that the countries of the Americas have suddenly had to experience. There’s no doubt that we’ve received aid at the right time, especially in communications and other critical elements. The United States was in Haiti for the earthquake; I remember the Vinson aircraft carrier, which I had the opportunity to visit, the other ships they also sent, and the [USNS] Comfort hospital ship. Consequently, the U.S. role in this is notable for always trying to be present at those difficult moments. The commander of the Southern Command is trying to take these experiences that have occurred in different countries in the Americas and make the efforts converge into a system, a procedure, a way of acting that can serve to help us find that rationality at the time of the worst crises that nations can experience. Consequently, the U.S. role has to be recognized. By Dialogo November 14, 2011last_img read more

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Experts on Colombia Gaze into the Crystal Ball

first_img Colombia is starting to see the light at the end of the tunnel, which could be the negotiation table for peace talks, stated specialists about the Colombian conflict during a meeting in Miami, Florida on November 16, three days before peace talks between the FARC and the Colombian government resumed in Havana. The conference, organized by the University of Miami’s Center for Hemispheric Policy, was focused on the topic “Colombia’s Security Challenges: the Peace Process and its Chances for Success,” in an attempt to forecast the result of this new effort for ending the internal conflict that has afflicted the country for over 50 years. According to Román Ortiz, head of the Colombian consulting firm Decisive Point, the strategic balance of negotiations is now in favor of the State. “I can’t think of any other organization more unpopular than the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia. Their current political situation is the most challenging in their history, politically isolated inside and outside the country,” he said. Ortiz added that this equation entails an overwhelming military and police force, which amounts to 55 force members per guerrilla combatant, and for the first time, the insurgency group admits they are willing to disarm and demobilize if an agreement is made. In this sense, presenters coincided that Juan Manuel Santos’s government decision of not accepting a ceasefire is key, since it could contribute to the permanent demise of the FARC, while their representatives hold discussions in the Cuban capital. He said that this is an essential difference compared to past negotiations, when the group used the truce to reemerge with greater energy. “If military operations are limited, the only thing you get is an extension of the conflict. The Colombian Military is completely operational at this moment, and the forces are exerting their pressure better than ever,” said Jorge Mario Eastman, former Colombian Deputy Minister of Defense during Álvaro Uribe’s presidency. Bruce Bagley, head of the Department of International Studies at the University of Miami, also recognized the professional capability of the Colombian Military, which forced the FARC to retreat to remote areas in the Colombian territory. “They are different breed, a different generation, they have combat experience, they have been trained by the best Armed Forces, not only of the United States but also by others. They are very different to the Military in Colombia in 1995. It is a difference between night and day.” However, Bagley pointed out that it would be risky to think that the Military’s strengthening and the strikes towards important FARC leaders during the last year mean that the organization has been defeated. According to the expert, the FARC contains elements that generate about $300 million annually in drug trafficking and organized crime-related activities. He said that they are motivated by ambition; therefore, they could decide not to join the peace process. Both the University of Miami professor and the rest of the presenters agreed that, even though they cannot predict when and how negotiations would conclude, they are sure the FARC will be even more divided and weakened in Havana. In addition, they concurred that these circumstances are ideal for the highly expected transition towards a post-conflict society. “In terms of security, internal and external political situation, elections … the stars are lined up for that transition to take place,” Jorge A. Restrepo, from the Bogota’s Resource Center for Conflict Analysis, concluded. By Dialogo November 20, 2012last_img read more

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The Future of UPPs in Rio

first_img The Pacifying Police Units’ (UPP) goal is to establish community police inside the slums, as part of a project by the State Public Security Department in Rio de Janeiro, which aims to dismantle the gangs that control drug trafficking operations in Rio de Janeiro’s favelas. The first UPP was inaugurated in Santa Marta slum on November 20, 2008. Subsequently, other units were implemented in communities such as Cidade de Deus, Batan, Pavão-Pavãozinho, Morro dos Macacos, among others. The program has been well accepted by experts and so successful that governments from various states replicated the approach. For example, Bahia has created the Security Community Bases (BCSs), the government of Paraná state created the Paraná Security Community (UPSs), and the government of Maranhão implemented Community Safety Units (USCs), all inspired by Rio’s Pacifying Police Unit. Diálogo visited the General Command of the Military Police of Rio de Janeiro (PMERJ) to speak with Colonel Robson Rodrigues da Silva, Chief of Staff of the Administration, about what will happen with the UPPs going forward. Diálogo: How many UPPs will be implemented between now and the beginning of the 2014 World Cup? Colonel Robson Rodrigues da Silva: 40 UPPs will be implemented by 2014. I believe that the plan varies depending on the scenario. It is not something permanent. The need may arise suddenly, or assemble over a period of time, but the goal is to have 40 UPPs deployed there. Not all UPPs are alike. Some will have more units incorporated, and others less. If we take a look at the first UPP, in Santa Marta, it was basically a UPP for one community. We moved from simple to complex, such as the situation in the Complexo do Alemão favelas. We did not expect to reach the Alemão slum as early as we did. We intended to gain know-how, more experience, but the requirements of that moment caused us to initiate the process of pacifying the Alemão slum. It turned out to be beneficial because we established the know-how. The operational plan started to materialize, to gain strength, and from that point on, it became a very useful factor during the occupation of the Rocinha slum, shortly after. Diálogo: Did the Armed Forces participate because of the anticipation, or was it already planned? Col. Robson: The plan was to start, at first, from a logistical point. We conducted a study of all the areas where we intended to deploy UPPs and which had the greatest need for human resources. The program did not have this basic concept in the beginning, it was an open process. Therefore, in that initial moment, Rio de Janeiro presented a very different scenario. There was excessive tension; the society did not trust the system, law enforcement agents were very afraid, truly afraid. So the initial idea, according to the plan until 2014, was to simply occupy the territory. Then we would start to incorporate technology and the need for better preparation for police officers so that they could achieve improved individual productivity, instead of having the same old concept of the prior model of police which used to believe that a territorial occupation requires many people. It was proven that quality has more value. At that time we were forecasting results by using a certain number of officers based on that perspective, but using this model. It was a very simple calculation: if I am going to occupy the Alemão slum I will need many more people. In other words, the production speed, the capacity, and the training of these police officers had a limit, a rhythm, a timing, which showed that at that moment we would not be able to provide the human resources for the occupation of Alemão slum,. It’s a simple calculation: we needed a certain number of officers, and the only force that could help in that situation and that would remain as a retaining wall until the police came in was the Army. Diálogo: After the World Cup, between the World Cup and the Olympics, will this process of establishing UPPs continue? Col. Robson: The Military Police is currently preparing to continue with the process. Of course there are political factors. However, I do believe that our society is more established, our institutions are already consolidating democratically, and therefore the people have more voice, naturally increasing the pressure so that certain policies remain. But within an environment that has fragile institutions, there is greater risk. I believe that the pacifying process is giving the population a voice, which plays a very important role. In the past the public security authorities, particularly the police, were seldom called to participate in any political event because they would be targeted. Not anymore; we are now called in to work there, especially because it increases the popularity of certain politicians. I believe that this program is essential and any politician would be crazy to end it. Diálogo: Regarding the use of technology, we recently noticed that 80 surveillance cameras were installed in the Rocinha slum. Is this a new trend? Is Rio de Janeiro’s Military Police properly equipped to support the upcoming mega events? Col. Robson: With the use of technology, materials, etc., projects for the large events have been planned for a long time, for over four years. I do believe we will be prepared. Diálogo: Will the pacifying process take some of the burden off the security forces during the mega events? Col. Robson: A few years ago, if you were at an event aside from the regular ones, let’s put it this way, the Armed Forces would come and the Police would occupy the slums because they would not have been pacified. There was no pacifying process, only an apparent tranquility, everyone heavily armed, and afterwards everything would go back to what it used to be. The new factor is precisely the pacification, bringing peace, and a more solid security. This helps with the planning and execution, for sure. Diálogo: As far as other countries’ interest in the UPPs establishing something similar… Col. Robson: Many countries, such as Venezuela and Argentina, have already expressed interest. Panama has an agreement with us, and the first military police unit base has already been built there. It was inspired by what we have here. We also trained their police officers there. They have a similar characteristic to Rio de Janeiro, which is a slum in the middle of the capital city. Mexico has also expressed interest, and we have also sought similar experiences abroad. We had a committee traveling to Portugal to observe their police. We are establishing an agreement and we will send some officers to Ireland and Scotland to deal with these affairs. This occurred because the Irish Police had a recent transition with the IRA, which made the transformation possible. Scotland also stepped in when they learned about our interest, since they had their own interests in something that we were doing here. Diálogo: What about the countries that will host events such as the World Cup? Is there an exchange of experiences and information? Col. Robson: Coincidentally, we are going to South Africa. We have an agreement with the Liberté Institute, which is currently performing some tests with our UPPs to design specific police functions. We also went to Dakar, in Africa, to address the drug issues, because the UPP has a very revolutionary view regarding drug prevention. In Spain, we went to Barcelona and Madrid, and we will send officers to Salamanca, as well as exchange information with Colombia. Officers from the BOPE, Shock troops, and the UPPs will organize a course there. Even with the International Committee of the Red Cross. The exchange has been very interesting. This has increased the visibility of Rio de Janeiro, not only because of the Olympic Games and other large events, but also because of this process, which brings a different possibility aside from the usual combat vision. So we created the Proximity Police in Rio de Janeiro, and the reaction was: “How did you do that?”, “What is the formula?” And many people are coming here, not only officers, but ministers, prime ministers, and other important politicians from various countries come here, even from Norway. By Dialogo April 11, 2013 Rio de Janeiro, April 15th 2013.Colonel Robson,I AM glad to see PMERJ/RIO Corps efforts recognized.The most important is to never give up, because de TARGET has a great value!Also, the people know that nowadays the Pioneers have presence in internal and external actions, and that they make all the difference in all the Institution’s decision-making.PMERJ has a great quality, especially Rio de Janeiro, because it can count on “The Pioneers Corps Courageous Ones/class/1983” which celebrates 30 years in the Corps. Congratulations! Also, the female teams after 1983. I speak about the women’s importance and worth, and their social efforts and actions designed by Colonel Sayonara do Valle, Colonel Bernardete Campbell, Colonel Cátia Boaventura, Colonel Célia Rodrigues. I quote: (the reference I make is due to the fact that I had the privilege to, at a certain point, be with some of them, and I noticed part of their performance at work, so now I can have the honor to be able to mention them), and may I say to all of them, Mirian Broitman, Rosana Reis and Deise Contreva, and others which I know only through pictures or by their field action but who certainly have a job position of main importance, relevant places, and who perform several roles at the Corps and who I call “The Warriors!”I AM grateful to God, for the ones who fight and feel humanity’s hearts beating, pulsing and hurting.I am grateful for the responsible Police Officers who are God’s gifts for me and for the people.The female Corps may go on, and all women and men of war and peace, with my prayers and with many Christians certainty who ask God to protect you and your families.Greetings in Jesus Christ.Celeste Lucindo. well… may this project continue, but don’t forget the baixada fluminense region, because criminals migrated to that place when [the police] occupied [the slums] to install the upps [Pacifying Police Units], they informed previously the criminals about the occupation’s time and day, this way they gave enough time for those kids to go terrorize other communities.last_img read more

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Los Monos recruiting children to sell drugs in the Argentine province of Santa Fe

first_img Argentinian security forces in the La Granada district discovered in March two tunnels connected to properties owned and used by Los Monos. Los Monos used the tunnels to flee from law enforcement officers. Sinaloa Cartel used similar tunnels to smuggle drugs, weapons, and people from Mexico across the U.S.-Mexico border. The use of tunnels was pioneered by Sinaloa Cartel kingpin Joaquin “El Chapo” Guzman in the 1980s. Mexican Marines and police agents captured El Chapo in Mazatlan in February 2014. Following the discovery of the tunnels, someone sent a series of threatening electronic messages to authorities. At least one of the messages included a death threat against the security minister of Santa Fe province, Raúl Lamberto, and two of his aides. “What you are going to find underground are their bodies,” one of the messages warned. Lamberto has launched a series of security initiatives against Los Monos. He and his aides have not been harmed. Sophisticated tunnels Los Monos threatens to kill judge and prosecutor Los Monos is capable of extreme violence and is even willing to target law enforcement officials. In March 2014, after obtaining a court order, authorities recorded a phone conversation in which an inmate in a prison in Santa Fe province spoke to another inmate in a different detention facility. The taped conversation revealed that the inmates were scheming to kill a prosecutor, Guillermo Camporini, and Judge Juan Carlos Viena, who were investigating Los Monos. Los Monos was planning on having an enforcer known as “Anteojito” kill the prosecutor and the judge, authorities learned from the phone call. The prosecutor and the judge have not been harmed. By Dialogo April 20, 2014 Rosario is key location for drug trafficking The city of Rosario is a strategic point for drug traffickers. Roads converge in the city with international connections to Bolivia and Paraguay. The province has several private ports on the bank of the Paraná River where drugs can be exported to other countries. From Jan. 1 2014 through March 31, the Argentinian Anti-Narcotics Police seized 25 tons of cocaine and 80 tons of marijuana throughout the country, authorities said. In addition to Los Monos, several other organized crime groups operate in Argentina. Some of these, such as Los Urabeños, Envigado, and La Cordillera, are based in Colombia. Elements of the Shining Path, a leftist Peruvian group which engages in drug trafficking, and the Sinaloa Cartel also operate in Argentina. Argentinian security forces must remain vigilant in the battle against Los Monos and other organized crime groups, according to Tibiletti, the security analyst. The various criminal activities of Los Monos and other organized crime groups pose a “complex problem,” Tibiletti said. “There is no unique solution.” Security forces at the federal, state, and local levels should share information and cooperate to fight micro-trafficking and other criminal activities, Tibiletti said. Los Monos and other Argentinian gangs are using children, threatening law enforcement officials and escaping through tunnels as the violent battle for control of drug trafficking routes in department of Rosario continues to escalate. Los Monos and other gangs are providing firearms to children, who are known as “little soldiers,” and ordering kids and teenagers to act as hit men. Gang members, including young men, teenagers, and children, usually kill each other. Most of the victims between rival gangs are male and between the ages of 15 and 35, authorities said. In a typical killing, two or three armed youths will shoot a drug gang rival on the street, in the open, then run away, officials said. “Perhaps, the most painful face of this production and criminal system are the teenagers recruited as little soldiers and the workers in bunkers and kiosks (drug distribution centers),” according to the documentary “Lost Streets,” produced by the National University of Rosario (UNR). Gang leaders pay young soldiers, those who are younger than 16, between $10 and $37 (USD) a day. In Rosario, drug gangs sell about $250 million (USD) in drugs annually, according to the documentary “Lost Streets.” Youths sell drugs from locked sheds or kiosks. Young gang members who sell drugs are forced to hand over the money to an adult gang member at the end of an 8-hour shift, according to the documentary. The child then leaves and is replaced by another youth, who will continue to sell drugs from the shed or kiosk. The drug violence has left a deadly toll. For example, 264 people were killed in the city of Rosario in 2012, according to local government statistics. The number of killings in Rosario rose to 365 – an average of one per day – in 2013. Between Jan. 1, 2014, and March 31, police said 80 killings were connected to fights between rival drug gangs, according to a report issued jointly by the Fundación La Alameda, which fights human trafficking, and the National Anti-Mafia Network. Los Monos is responsible for much of the violence in Rosario, said Paz Tibiletti, representative of the Latin American Security and Defense Network (RESDAL), based in Argentina. Los Monos has dominated sales of marijuana in Rosario since the 1990s, according to Tibiletti. Since it took over the marijuana trade, the gang has expanded its drug activities to the production of coca paste, which is used to make cocaine, and the selling and trafficking of cocaine. Los Monos strengthened its distribution network by forming an alliance with the Cantero crime family. In addition to selling and trafficking drugs, Los Monos engages in money laundering, extortion, and other criminal enterprises. Los Monos is led by Ramón Ezequiel Machuca, who is also known as “Monchi Cantero”. Los Monos has the capacity to pay off corrupt officials and has a “multilayer structure similar to Mexican cartel structures,” retired Argentinian General Norberto López Camelo wrote on his blog. Los Monos has the capacity to pay off corrupt officials and has a “multilayer structure similar to Mexican cartel structures,” retired Argentinian General Norberto López Camelo wrote on his blog. Security forces battle complex problem Los Monos This world is getting worse everyday. I’m surprised by Argentina, where they love and respect children so much. How unfortunate that they are ending their future, this way we are going to become extinct. The ones greatly responsible for the violence in Rosario are the provincial police and the Socialist government. The police (ungovernable) is a partner in drug trafficking by providing arms to children and looking the other way, because they are hired by the drug lords. Before they used to handle other crimes, and were always associated with the local security forces. You forgot to add that to date, most of the stands have been or are being destroyed by the federal forces that surrounded all the city and its surroundings as part of an undercover movement. The first thing that the countries in the world need to do is preach more the words of Jesus Christ. Worry more about spiritual things instead of material and sexual ones. You also forgot to interview the security officials who are doing a fine job by disarming the drug gangs in Santa Fe. You put together a note by collecting information from the internet, at least do a proper search. It’s OK if you make a reference from a documentary made by an university, but you also need to interview the officials, who are the ones with accurate and current information. Unless the intention of the note is to discredit Argentina. WE MUST END THESE ACTIVITIES ONCE AND FOR ALL, THEY ONLY SERVE TO HARM CHILDREN AND NOT TO OFFEND A FEW PEOPLE, I DON’T KNOW HOW TO CALL THEM. WHO ARE READING, AND TO FILL THEIR POCKETS AT THE EXPENSE OF THESE LITTLE BEINGS/CREATURES OF GOD. Always the same, it’s tiring. May God help us. We must pray a lot so that NSJ can help those families who have been segregated and who don’t even realize that they are lost. Wow, now I understand the amount of corruption in the world, especially here in Peru.last_img read more

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Georgia National Guard Announces State Partnership with Argentina

first_imgBy Desiree Bamba, Georgia Department of Defense November 16, 2016 The Georgia National Guard has been selected as the U.S. partner for the Republic of Argentina as part of the Department of Defense State Partnership Program (SPP), according to an announcement on November 10th. “The State Partnership Program allows us to leverage the deep and trusting ties the National Guard has built with a very large group of foreign allies across every combatant command,” said Air Force Gen. Joseph L. Lengyel, chief, National Guard Bureau. “I’m confident the Georgia National Guard and Argentina will both benefit from the extraordinarily rich tapestry of skills and experience each will bring to this partnership.” Guided by U.S. Department of State foreign policy goals, the SPP is administered by the National Guard Bureau and supports theater commanders’ security cooperation objectives. The program has been successfully building relationships around the globe for more than 20 years. With the inclusion of Argentina, the State Partnership Program will have a total of 73 state partnerships. “I am proud that our Georgia Department of Defense will enter into a State Partnership Program with the country of Argentina,” said Georgia Gov. Nathan Deal. “We look forward to this partnership as it will serve as an opportunity for many of Georgia’s leading industries and business enterprises as well as state agencies, universities and civic organizations.” Argentina will become Georgia’s second state partner. The state formalized a partnership with the Country of Georgia in 1994. Since the partnership began, the Georgia National Guard has completed more than 100 exchanges ranging from humanitarian assistance and disaster relief preparedness to maintenance, emergency management, aviation opportunities and restructuring of the Georgian Military Police. The United States-Argentina relationship took a significant step forward when then-newly elected Argentine President Mauricio Macri requested the inclusion of Argentina in the SPP in early 2016. Since then, the Georgia National Guard has demonstrated a range of capabilities that will assist in meeting Argentina’s security requirements and solidifying pre-existing security collaboration. The SPP between the state of Georgia and Argentina will lay the foundation for developing a long-term successful relationship by sharing expertise in emergency and disaster response, enhancing border security and strengthening cooperation in peacekeeping operations and readiness, Georgia officials said. “I’m excited to start our relationship and to explore opportunities between the State of Georgia and the Republic of Argentina,” said Brigadier General Joe Jarrard, adjutant general, Georgia National Guard. “Argentina has an open, well-developed economy with a mature military. Our organization is looking forward to providing assistance with environmental issues related to flooding and wildfires, aviation exchanges and maintenance, border security, logistics, and disaster preparedness. The future relationship between this South American country and our southern state is boundless and will help strengthen not only our two countries, but also increase stability in the Americas. The SPP evolved from a 1991 U.S. European Command decision to set up a Joint Contact Team Program in the Baltic Region with Reserve component Soldiers and Airmen. A subsequent National Guard Bureau proposal paired U.S. states with three nations emerging from the former Soviet Bloc and the SPP was born, becoming a key U.S. security cooperation tool, facilitating cooperation across all aspects of international civil-military affairs and encouraging people-to-people ties at the state level. Through SPP, the National Guard conducts military-to-military engagements in support of defense security goals but also leverages whole-of-society relationships and capabilities to facilitate broader interagency and corollary engagements spanning military, government, economic and social spheres.last_img read more

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