President Obama backs US lithium developers

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first_imgBy Marc Davis, www.BNWnews.ca, the environmental disaster in the Gulf of Mexico has served as an unnerving wake-up call for the industrialised world to confront its addiction to fossilised fuels. And it’s now providing President Obama and other G20 leaders with all the political impetus they need to usher in a new era of eco-vehicles. Ones that are far more reliant on cheap battery fuelled electrical power than on highly priced petroleum. That is why the White House is championing the mass adoption of lithium-ion batteries as the most efficient way to electrify motorised vehicles. In 2009, alone, the US federal government granted over $25 billion in loans to automobile and battery makers. Such initiatives promise to help President Obama accomplish his well-publicised mandate to usher in one million electric vehicles in the US by 2015.Similarly, the leaders of other major industrialised nations are also rallying around such political and economic imperatives with their own multi-billion dollar incentives. That’s because rechargeable lithium-ion batteries are lighter and cheaper than conventional rechargeable nickel batteries. Notably, they are also much more powerful and have at least twice the energy density, as well as a longer operating life and other key advantages.The lithium battery market is already worth over $4 billion annually, though this figure is mostly derived from its widespread use in portable electronic devices. However, the advent of green cars powered by batteries that use 20-60 pounds of lithium oxide is already creating a heightened demand for this new-age metal.Most importantly, the business world is already sold on the benefits of this invaluable new energy source. Approximately two dozen models of eco-automobiles are expected to be on the market by 2012. Most of them will be plug-in hybrid vehicles that can cost effectively alternate between gasoline fuel and electrical power.Consequently, demand for lithium powered vehicles is expected to increase as much as fivefold within the next 5-7 years, according to many industry analysts. And some estimates suggest that as many as 250 million electric cars will be driven by the year 2020 — the majority of which will be manufactured and driven in the emerging superpowers of China, India and Brazil.Such milestone events are music to the ears of the world’s tiny handful of lithium miners and developers of new deposits. Yet, they will be pressed to their very limits in trying to satisfy a year-on-year exponential surge in demand for the world’s new battery of choice. One of the lithium exploration and development companies that is moving as fast as possible to capitalize on the burgeoning demand for lithium, particularly in the US, is Rodinia Lithium.The company’s President William Randall believes that a supply squeeze is on the horizon, and this 21st century metal will becomes an increasingly “strategic commodity” for the US industrial sector. This is why Rodinia wants to help ramp-up future lithium supplies in the US by developing America’s next prospective lithium mine.“We’re looking to become only the second company in the US to supply the domestic market, which is obviously going to continue to be one of the major consumers of lithium in the future,” he says.Most of the world’s lithium supplies come from three Latin American nations — Bolivia, Chile and Argentina. This is potentially problematic, Randall suggests. That’s because there are various technical and geopolitical hurdles in these countries to ensuring the availability of a steady long term supply of lithium for the US battery manufacturing and automotive industries.In fact, the assurance of a long term supply of lithium is also a major concern for all major auto manufacturers, not just in the US but in all of the world’s major markets. Notably, only about half a dozen countries worldwide, including China, account for all of the world’s lithium production. The US contributes as little as 3% to this output. Hence, Thomas Brachmann of Honda’s R&D division in Europe, where there are no lithium producers, says that his company “has big concerns regarding the supply of lithium.”In North America, the Ford Motor Company has also been very vocal about securing long term lithium supplies, especially as the domestic auto industry does not want to replace a dependency on foreign oil with one on foreign lithium. “The industry needs to know where the lithium is going to come from. Are these countries friendly to the Western World?” says Charles Wu, a spokesperson for Ford Research. Even President Obama has expressed serious concerns about future lithium supplies. In a speech last summer he declared: “Switching Middle Eastern oil for foreign batteries is not an option.”This will prove to be a daunting challenge as the US is home to only one lithium producer – Chemetall Foote, which operates the Silver Peak mine in Nevada. That is why the company was just given a $28.4 million grant earlier this year by the US Department of Energy with the aim of doubling the mine’s production of lithium.However, Rodinia hopes to play its own important role in placating the concerns of President Obama and the U.S auto industry. The company is moving as fast as it can to develop a second lithium mining operation in mining-friendly Nevada. One that is equally close to both US auto plants and lithium-ion battery developers.In fact, Rodinia’s 50,000 plus acre property surrounds the Silver Peak mine in the heart of Clayton Valley, which is situated halfway between Reno and Las Vegas. The company says it’s confident it can duplicate Chemetall Foote’s successful business model, which has yielded 50 Mkg of lithium since the Silver Peak mine was first commissioned over 40 years ago.This has also been achieved on a very cost-effective basis as there is no hard rock mining involved, which typically involves large scale digging, blasting and crushing of huge tonnages of rock. Instead, Chemetall Foote extracts the lithium from aquifers below the valley by simply pumping it to surface. Randall says that Rodinia is especially very encouraged by its exploration results to date, as well as the fact that Clayton Valley hosts an estimated 700 Mkg of lithium, according to the federal government’s US Geological Survey.“We own a very large percentage of the valley, at around 90%, which includes the deeper parts of the valley where most of the lithium may be concentrated. And that’s where we are having the most success with our drilling,” he says. “In fact, we’re encountering better grades than Chemetall is currently mining in this valley. So, we expect to end up with a very large portion of the resource outlined by the US Geological Survey. This gives us the potential to become a significant player in the lithium market.”“Rodinia also has a stable of lithium-rich salars in Argentina and is aggressively advancing a salar project there to provide additional lithium production for either the domestic US market or international auto manufacturers,” Randall adds. The company next plans to complete a second phase of drilling at its Clayton Valley project , involving up to 72 holes. And that will form the basis of a preliminary resource estimate, which should be announced before the year’s end, according to Randall.This will be a milestone development for the company as Randall is convinced that a green revolution in the global automotive business will make lithium one of the planet’s most strategic and valuable commodities within the next few years. That means that Rodinia Lithium appears to be very much in the right place at the right time. And as we all know: timing is everything in the investment business.Other junior mining companies that are active in the exploration and development of lithium projects in Nevada include First Lithium Resources, Western Lithium USA Corp, and American Lithium Minerals.last_img

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Rupeni Caucaunibuca try against France

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Hye Ro Hun / IROJE KHM Architects

first_img Area:  594 m² Photographs Hye Ro Hun / IROJE KHM ArchitectsSave this projectSaveHye Ro Hun / IROJE KHM Architects ShareFacebookTwitterPinterestWhatsappMailOrhttps://www.archdaily.com/37344/hye-ro-hun-iroje-khm-architects Clipboard ArchDaily Hye Ro Hun / IROJE KHM Architects “COPY” South Korea CopyAbout this officeIROJE KHM ArchitectsOfficeFollowProductWood#TagsProjectsBuilt ProjectsSelected ProjectsResidential ArchitectureHousesWoodHousesGwangjuSouth KoreaPublished on October 12, 2009Cite: “Hye Ro Hun / IROJE KHM Architects” 12 Oct 2009. ArchDaily. Accessed 12 Jun 2021. ISSN 0719-8884Read commentsBrowse the CatalogPanels / Prefabricated AssembliesTechnowoodSiding Façade SystemWindowsMitrexSolar WindowMetal PanelsAurubisCopper Surface: Nordic DécorDining tablesB&B ItaliaDining Table – BullSkylightsVELUX CommercialModular Skylights – Atrium Longlight / RidgelightLouvers / ShuttersBruagShading Screens – Perforated Facade PanelsConcreteKrytonSmart ConcreteCompositesPure + FreeFormTechnical Guide – Creating a Seamless Interior and Exterior Material TransitionEnclosures / Double Skin FacadesFranken-SchotterFacade System –  LINEAWindowsRabel Aluminium SystemsMinimal Casement Windows – Rabel 8400 Slim Super Thermal PlusDoorsGorter HatchesFloor Door – Fire RatedWire MeshCarl Stahl DecorCableGreen Wall System – FAÇADESCAPE™More products »Read commentsSave世界上最受欢迎的建筑网站现已推出你的母语版本!想浏览ArchDaily中国吗?是否翻译成中文现有为你所在地区特制的网站?想浏览ArchDaily中国吗?Take me there »✖You’ve started following your first account!Did you know?You’ll now receive updates based on what you follow! Personalize your stream and start following your favorite authors, offices and users.Go to my stream “COPY”center_img Houses Architects: IROJE KHM Architects Area Area of this architecture project Projects CopyHouses•Gwangju, South Korea Save this picture!© JongOh Kim+ 31 Share Photographs:  JongOh KimText description provided by the architects. The house in urban nature This site is located in borderline between city and mountain. The view of the front side that is the east-side is clearing up, so the urban landscape of downtown Gwangju is seen. There are mountains by the rear-side as a nature and view.Save this picture!© JongOh KimRecommended ProductsMetallicsKriskadecorMetal Fabric – Outdoor CladdingWoodLunawoodThermowood FacadesDoorsSky-FrameInsulated Sliding Doors – Sky-Frame ArcDoorsGorter HatchesRoof Hatch – RHT AluminiumDramatic access way from gate to entrance By opening transparent gate door, it starts to begin access into the house, along the long walkway where looks like architectural canyon. Save this picture!© JongOh KimAfter the penetration through under space of the upper bridge-corridor, it comes to reach the inner court that is attached to entrance. Two boxes on floating land Two wooden boxes which are consisted of duplex room are laid on landscaped architectural mass which contain living room and dining room. The one box contains master bed and study room and another box is consisted of two bedrooms and study rooms for two daughters. Save this picture!© JongOh KimFloating garden over the living room – Special Space and Light of ‘Box inside Box’ Save this picture!© JongOh KimOver the living room where has dynamic space in 9M high, double height master bed-mass with bamboo garden is floating…Through the top light of the roof, moving sunlight vary the atmosphere of the inside space of living room all day long. Floating roads Save this picture!© JongOh KimHorizontal or vertical ways which are indoor or outdoor, all the ways inside of this house circulate itself continuosly each other with the dramatic sequence of the various space.Save this picture!© JongOh KimProject gallerySee allShow lessUN Memorial / ACMEArticlesAurora Pavillion for Shanghai World Expo 2010Articles Share ShareFacebookTwitterPinterestWhatsappMailOrhttps://www.archdaily.com/37344/hye-ro-hun-iroje-khm-architects Clipboardlast_img

Three months of quiet repression, arrests, censorship and propaganda

first_img RSF_en May 26, 2021 Find out more News May 31, 2021 Find out more News Follow the news on Myanmar Organisation MyanmarAsia – Pacific News Reporters Without Borders and the Burma Media Association deplore the climate of fear imposed by the militarygovernment for the past three months. Despite international condemnation, the police and army continue to huntfor those who photographed and filmed the crackdown on peaceful demonstrations. At least nine have had to fleethe country for fear of being arrested. The military government has constantly hounded Burma’s journalists during the three months that have gone by since 27 September, the day that Japanese video reporter Kenji Nagai was murdered by a soldier in Rangoon, Reporters Without Borders and the Burma Media Association said today.The police and army continue to hunt for journalists and activists who photographed and filmed the crackdown on the pro-democracy demonstrations. At least nine have had to flee to Thailand. The privately-owned media have resumed publishing but the Censorship Board has stepped up its control.“The impression that things are back to normal is false,” the two organisations said. “The security services are still looking for the underground journalists who let the world know about the violence against monks and pro-democracy activists. We call for an end to the intimidation of the press and for the release of the six journalists currently held. The international community must find a way to get UN special rapporteur Sergio Pinheiro’s recommendations implemented.”The UN Human Rights Council adopted a resolution on Burma on 14 December that calls on the government to guarantee the freedom of the independent media. A Reporters Without Borders addressed the council, calling for the release of Burma’s journalists and an end to the censorship.Ko Aung Gyi, the former editor of the sports magazine 90 Minutes, is one of the latest journalists to be detained. It is not known why he was arrested in Rangoon. Two other former journalists, Ko Win Maw and Ko Aung Aung, have also been arrested without being charged. At least 15 other journalists have been arrested since September and then released. The six currently in prison include Win Tin, a prominent journalist held since July 1989.People who have been arrested and then released say the police ask everyone for the names of the “cameramen,” meaning the journalists who work clandestinely for foreign news media or Democratic Voice of Burma, an exile radio and TV station based in Oslo. Many photographers and cameramen who contributed to exile media have stopped working altogether for fear of being identified and some have even thrown away their equipment.The Union Solidarity and Development Association (USDA), a pro-government militia, continues to be hostile towards journalists. The Myanmar Nation photographer Aung Khine Nyunt was beaten by thugs believed to be USDA members while taking photos of a march on 21 October. In all, about ten journalists were beaten or roughed up during the demonstrations.At least nine Burmese journalists have fled the country because of the repression, and have sought refuge in Thailand. Most of them left the capital during the first wave of arrests at the end of September.The Censorship Board has had no qualms about asserting itself. The weekly News Watch was banned for a week in mid-November after proposing the publication of photos that displeased the military. The military censors have even forced editors to resign. In early December, the authorities punished the magazine Action for failing to withdraw articles censored by the government. A censorship official publicly criticised Action for not being “constructive.” The newspaper Middle Line also got into trouble. It was suspended after its editor, Oo Swe, complained that some media were getting favourable treatment from the censors, according to the exile magazine and website Irrawaddy.To prevent Burmese from seeing reports and pictures of the crackdown in September, the military government has controlled the sale of foreign publications very strictly since mid-October. The magazines Time and Newsweek and Thai newspapers have not been seen in news stands for the past few weeks. The Internet has been restored but surveillance has been stepped up in Internet cafés. For fear of reprisals, many Internet café owners have removed the programmes from their computers that allowed users to circumvent the government’s filters.Around 10 journalists suspected of sympathising with the pro-democracy protests have been banned from being published or interviewed. They include sports reporter Zaw Thet Htwe, cartoonist Au Pi Kyee and writer Pe Myint.The censorship is not limited to political topics. The military government, for example, banned coverage of a new outbreak of bird flu on 20 October, although the outbreak was announced by the government agency responsible for dealing with it.Anyone who criticises the government can be the target of repression. This is why the authorities banned a video of a show by the comic troupe “Say Young Sone.” According to Democratic Voice of Burma, which decided to televise it, the DVD is selling very well on the streets of Rangoon. Similarly, a spokesman for the Zantila Rama monastery was sentenced to two years in prison in December for complaining that military personnel stole money during a search. Democratic Voice of Burma said he was found guilty of defamation. A Burmese rapper was arrested in November for paying tribute to the monks at a concert. And Irrawaddy reported in early November that Tin Yu, a resident of a Rangoon suburb, was arrested for “talking to foreign media.”The government media continue to pump out their propaganda, putting all of the activities of the military government’s leaders on the front page. The government’s TV stations have on several occasions vilified the reporting of the foreign media, such as the BBC, RFA and VOA, accusing them of trying to “destabilise” Burma. The government media have been ordered to praise the return to normality and the country’s economic progress. At the end of November, the USDA militia announced the launch of a new daily newspaper to reinforce the public’s support for the regime.Finally, many Rangoon-based journalists have criticised Myat Khaine, the editor of the weekly Snap Shot, for voluntarily giving the information ministry photos of protesters. to go further Thai premier, UN rapporteurs asked to prevent journalists being returned to Myanmar RSF asks Germany to let Myanmar journalist Mratt Kyaw Thu apply for asylum MyanmarAsia – Pacific News US journalist held in Yangon prison notorious for torture Help by sharing this information May 12, 2021 Find out more December 26, 2007 – Updated on January 20, 2016 Three months of quiet repression, arrests, censorship and propaganda Receive email alertslast_img

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