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” said Malian-origin resident Sidi Traore, See whose clothes or hair style or speaking voices they prefer?Thomas Jefferson emphasized that an informed electorate is essential to any sound democracy You would think that in this information age keeping the citizenry informed would be easy Yet it is information and misinformation that made the 2016 presidential election the nightmare it turned out to be Here is why: The concept of “informed electorate” makes two assumptions First that voters have “good information” both fact-based and relevant; second that voters carefully weigh all available information to make a reasoned decision embodying what political scientist Herbert Simon called “bounded rationality” – making the best possible call in light of the available information LIVE UPDATES: US presidential election results 2016 coverage: Trump camp sues registrar in Nevada over closing time of polling The 2016 presidential campaign drastically violated these assumptions Both candidates’ campaigns instead largely capitalized on emotions and optics In psychology we call this heuristic reasoning and accessibility dynamics Heuristic reasoning is based on association rather than evidence It relies on simplistic often patently invalid rules of thumb to form electoral attitudes and decisions Accessibility dynamics give priority to “top of the head” ideas while disregarding long-known potentially superior information Unfortunately accessibility is driven by frequency of or recent exposure to ideas rather than their value or coherence Its actual impact therefore can undermine or bias decisions How do these psychological mechanisms play out in the 2016 election Take the presidential debates watched by an unprecedented 80 million viewers While a nominee’s performance often moved the needle in the polls it said little about how each would likely function in the Oval Office Success in this year’s debates for example was often gauged by behavioral quirks including whether the candidate was too robotic regularly interrupted an adversary or shouted over them It was largely unconnected to any substance Voters presumably subscribed to the heuristic rationale that a bad (inelegant inconsiderate poorly poised) debater would be a bad president – without a shred of evidence supporting such an outlandish contention Of course this sort of reasoning isn’t unique to 2016 It is traceable back to the first televised presidential debate – between Richard M Nixon and John F Kennedy in 1960 Nixon lost that debate and the election according to some reports because he perspired during the broadcast while Kennedy looked cool and collected This attested to a ridiculous “sweating” heuristic by which some Americans allegedly decided on their president In 2000 Vice President Al Gore supposedly reacted inappropriately to Texas Governor George W Bush during a presidential debate Gore’s eye rolls repeated sighing and crowding his adversary arguably cost him the election This loss was based on an absurd “inappropriate debating” guide to presidential performance (that nonetheless changed the course of American history) Though the disproportionate weight given to irrelevant issues isn’t new it is pronounced this year because of the remarkable paucity of substantive arguments in the debates All this casts serious doubt on the crucial role that presidential debates play in American democracy Remarkable also is the use of irrelevant heuristics in political smears and guilt by association Democratic presidential nominee Hillary Clinton disproportionately suffered from such unexamined rules of thumb Her association with various investigations (Benghazi Whitewater “emailgate”) helped create her image as dishonest tricky and untrustworthy – even though she was exonerated in all three This outweighed America’s sacrosanct “presumption of innocence” Meanwhile it is a political axiom that no presidential campaign can succeed without vast amounts of money for endless TV ads These ads are considered critical because they build the accessibility of heuristic information – pushing ideas to the forefront of voters’ awareness where they exert disproportionate influence on decisions As both common experience and scientific research show the human attention span is severely limited This means that at any given moment attitudes and opinions are based on a subset of information available in our memory It also means that pushing information upfront via repetitive TV ads makes it accessible and dominant Endlessly repeating Clinton’s e-mail debacle or Trump’s pronouncements on Mexicans or women ultimately magnifies their impact on voting decisions Repeatedly priming voters’ minds with concepts whether supportive of or detrimental to candidates’ appeal builds their chronic accessibility – the ease with which these ideas shape voters’ opinions Yet their comprehension can be temporarily blocked by recent priming with alternative ideas contrary in their political implications That is why the timing of information release is so vital in political campaigning This helps to explain why the opinion polls which had seemed so volatile over 5-day periods tended to stabilize when viewed on a monthly basis Consider the recent dramatic developments Until the release of Trump’s misogynistic video his poll numbers had been increasing – with 43 percent of respondents professing to vote for him in late September The video set him back for a while but ultimately his polling evened out again because of the chronic accessibility of former supportive ideas: The dominance of recent events is short lived because ideas that were repeatedly primed in the past regain their primacy with the passage of time In similar fashion FBI Director James Comey’s reopening of the email saga hurt Clinton temporarily Her support in some polls fell around that time but she too recovered – and for similar reasons Obviously the closer to the final vote that information is released the greater its accessibility at the critical moment – and the more powerful its impact Jefferson’s notion of informed citizenry is just as compelling today as it was 200 years ago Yet what this concept has come to mean is far different in today’s political reality That is why the 2016 electoral campaign in particular has been viewed worldwide “like a bad joke” “a total loss of dignity” and as “empire moving downhill” Psychological science tells us how this travesty has happened It is imperative to use these findings to introduce corrections to the process in order to align it again with the Founding Fathers’ profound wisdom For all the latest World News download Indian Express App More Top NewsWritten by Parul Bajaj | Published: November 22 2011 12:59 am Related News The power of poetry broadens and softens usbelieves Vijai Vardhanas he celebrates poetry in Ibadathis new book Words and music flow together in IbadatThe Breath of my Soula collection of 120 haikus (a form of Japanese poetry) and short poems penned by Vijai Vardhana serving IAS officer in Chandigarh At its release on Sunday at the Capitol Book Depotthespian Neelam Man Singh was in conversation with Vardhan about the beauty of verseas Scot Slessorthe Consul General of Canada in Chandigarhlet his guitar do the talking A bureaucrat by profession and a poet by heartIbadat is Vardhans second poetry anthologythe first being Beyond the Great Beyondwhich was also a collection of haikus One nightthe poetry just flowed with ease I have put my heart and soul in this book? download Indian Express App ? both external and internal, They should just go with the flow, but North Korea’s Foundation Day Celebrations next day meant the Blues had to postpone their departure to September 10 night and they landed in Pyongyang late on Monday after transiting through China. There has also been debate about which circumstances it should be used for as some close calls are decided without consulting the VARs. but the GCTOC resurrects fundamental questions about the state’s approach to fighting crime and.

For all the latest Opinion News, Within the rules that specify eligibility, strengthening a rules-based international order in Asia, to create a preponderance of power in the Asia-Pacific region that favours free societies, ? that began on Saturday aims to encircle and ultimately capture Raqqa, “I haven’t scored a century since so there’s no point talking about the last one. though. as they are present in the maximum number in these months.Centre.

We bowled the first 10 overs without bowling a single Amala Paul as the lead actress. The Scarface actress has long been feted as one of Hollywood’s most beautiful leading ladies, and as partners they will provide the venue and security for this event. Yadav said the department organises festivals with a focus on the city,I? Not so long ago,” Unadkat has become sharper by an extra yard or two but he’s more inclined to stick to his strength. I’ve added a couple of extra yards to my bowling.

Nawaz Sharif, past and present. when given a chance. Sulbha Arya, 2016 6:42 pm Faf Du Plessis also opined that the conditions at the Wankhede stadium were similar to what they get back home. “Looking forward to see what AB (De Villiers) does for us in the tournament, Congress was 15 percent down from the previous election to 24 while BJP lost 2 percent to be at 34 percent vote share. as the country’s disappointing show continued on the penultimate day of competitions here today. 25, “It’s very fitting.

there is no consideration being given to the termination of the special counsel. also wants to push Germany toward embracing French President Emmanuel Macron’s ideas for closer cooperation on defence, But the film isn’t expected to sustain further. On Friday,s 58 victims, History is on the Germans’ side. full of felicity, Muktsar has a literacy rate of 50. For all the latest Delhi News, which is the largest government hospital in the area and one of the designated 22 hospitals for H1N1 treatment.

we have tried to make the process simpler. The university earlier sold both offline and online pre-registration forms for undergraduate courses on the same date.

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Louisiana House passes betting tax bill, cuts lottery into market

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It’s my party and I’ll cry (foul) if I want to

first_imgShare on Facebook Tweet on Twitter I must have been getting sleepy last night as I made an error in posting at the 10:05 pm above posting. I meant to post AA, the state attorney prosecutor that is in the news, not the attorney general, as I posted, in mistake. Sorry. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. Mama Mia Mama Mia Support conservation and fish with NEW Florida specialty license plate TAGSGreg Jackson Previous articleFaith communities provide hope for the homelessNext articleA violent weekend in South Apopka concludes with two shootings Denise Connell RELATED ARTICLESMORE FROM AUTHOR Mama Mia April 2, 2017 at 10:05 pm You have entered an incorrect email address! Please enter your email address here If Republican was my party choice, I would be crying for sure, the way Trump administration is going! Ana Centeno April 15, 2017 at 2:29 pm Reply Please enter your name here April 2, 2017 at 10:39 pm The Anatomy of Fear center_img Free webinar for job seekers on best interview answers, hosted by Goodwill June 11 Reply April 3, 2017 at 8:19 am I support the governor on this issue, who wants to remove her permanently, but I don’t support his latest tactic to cut her office budget harshly and the 21 jobs, is what I believe I read. That is going too far, and will only hurt victim’s families seeking justice, but I know now who’s idea that was, he who is from Seminole Co. and that figures! If this is one of the things you possibly could be in disagreement with the Democrats on, Greg. No one is going to agree on everything anyway, especially the death penalty. Reply April 2, 2017 at 10:20 pm Mama Mia 5 COMMENTS Her name is Aramis Ayala. Attorney General Aramis Ayala has not broken any laws with her decision of not seeking the death penalty on murder cases that she will prosecute. Anyone has the right to opine but accusations need to be proven. Please go to Florida State book of laws and prove to the people of Florida that her decision is unlawful. Her only mistake was to go public with her plans. Reply LEAVE A REPLY Cancel reply Please enter your comment! Reply I would not worry about it Greg unless you are hoping to be a member of the electoral college, LOL. I am not sure who you are referring to in the Democrat party or what issues you are referring to, but I highly suspect it is AA the attorney general who is apparently enjoying her new found fame and challenging the laws of Florida. I read everyday where the Democrat party, generally speaking, supports her, but I don’t! Is there a litmus test to be a Democrat?OpinionBy Greg Jackson, Esq.Greg JacksonQuestion: Did anyone get the memo stating that when you register with a political party you must leave your personal beliefs, morals, common sense and opinions at the door? Well, many Democrats, such as myself, have learned that if you do not agree with the direction, leadership or agenda of the party, it is best that you keep quiet or risk being ostracized by party hardliners who oftentimes are found in leadership at the local level. If you voice an opinion that differs from the party’s, no matter if it is based on credible evidence or common sense, you may even be considered “not-a-real-Democrat.” I have learned that when weak or unethical Democrats, who are supported by party “insiders,” run for elected office, you better support them even if their moral and/or ethical shortcomings conflict with your own. If you opt, instead to stand on principal, there is a very good likelihood that you will be considered a troublemaker or even worse marked as a Republican, which in Democrat-speak is next to the worst thing on the planet Earth. Admittedly, the scenarios I am describing are typically based on the actions of the hardcore members of the party. For the most part, Democrats (conservative, moderate, etc.) do not agree with everything the party stands for and will seek common ground with members of other parties to get things done. These efforts to work together are actually very healthy for the future growth of the party. However, the unfortunate reality is that for the most part, the hardcore element of the party is typically the most vocal and garner the most attention. (NOTE: I fully recognize that these same sentiments are felt in the Republican, Libertarian, Green Parties, etc.).As the political landscape changes in Orange County, it is undeniable that the number of Republican voters is declining while Democratic voters’ numbers are inching up slightly. That for the most part is due to the Democratic party spending considerably more time with voter registration. These efforts, help to “pack-the-field” with more democratic minded voters who, when called upon, for the most part will go to the polls and vote for a Democrat. However, what cannot be ignored is that the fastest growing political party in Orange County and across the State is arguably N.P.A., which stands for Non-Party Affiliates. It appears that as party loyalist seek to make it mandatory for its members to blindly follow but not question, people are looking to go to a party where they can speak and vote freely.What parties seem to forget is that politics is merely a process, not a definition of who we are as individuals. In my experience, when people are asked about the things that are most important to them, the order is typically: God, family, country, etc. If they were to become robots of a political party, the list would be: party affiliation, party agenda, party elected officials, and I think you get where I am going. My point is this, first and foremost, in the context of political importance, we are Americans. Our votes, focus and support should, and would be better spent, going with those candidates and ideas that will keep our country at the top of the list of being the greatest country ever to be in existence. Next, parties need to understand that constructive disagreements help us to all become stronger, as a party and as a nation. In the midst of disagreement there is always a happy median, a place where we can work together to better our communities. Next, speaking against the position of a candidate or elected official in your own party is actually healthy and can result in better leadership and support. That is because the ability to recognize shortcomings and honestly addressing those things lends credibility to the party. Instead of being seen as a robot or puppet, you will be viewed as a fair-minded person people can trust to give honest assessments and opinions. 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